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Matera, the magic of the Sassi

Matera, the magic of the Sassi
Matera, the magic of the Sassi

Matera is also known as the city of the Sassi, because of the uniqueness and uniqueness of its historic center. Excavated and built near the Gravina di Matera, a deep gorge that divides the territory into two, the Sassi of Matera, the districts that make up the ancient part of the city, lie in two little valleys, looking to the east, slightly subdued compared to the territories surrounding, separated from each other by the rocky spur of the Civita.

The Sassi of Matera are an urban settlement deriving from the various forms of civilization and anthropization that have occurred over time. From the prehistoric ones of the entrenched villages of the Neolithic period, to the habitat of the rock civilization (IX-XI century), which constitutes the urban substratum of the Sassi, with its neighborhoods, walkways, canalizations, cisterns; from the civitas of Norman-Swabian matrix (XI-XIII century), with its fortifications, to the successive Renaissance expansions (XV-XVI century) and Baroque urban settlements (XVII-XVIII century); and finally from the social and sanitary degradation of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century to the displacement laid out by national law in the fifties, up to the current recovery started from the 1986 law.

The Sasso Barisano

Turned north-west on the edge of the cliff, if you take as a reference the Civita, fulcrum of the old city, is the richest of carved portals and friezes that hide the underground heart. The Sasso Caveoso, which instead looks to the south, located in a wider and shorter blade, vaguely assumes the form of a theatrical cavea, from which perhaps it takes its name. At the center is the Civita, a rocky spur that separates the two Sassi, on whose top are the Cathedral and the noble palaces. Together they form the ancient urban nucleus of Matera, declared by UNESCO as a cultural landscape.

The Sasso Barisano

Detailed points

History of stones
Visit to the Casa cava, a center for culture and creativity created in the underground spaces of a former tuff quarry.
Walk in the Sasso caveoso and Sasso Barisano
Visit to the Casa Grotta, a typical authentically furnished house.

Detailed points

Excursion includes:

– Authorized guide for the duration of the visit

Does not include:

– Transfer / transport (extra available upon reservation)
– Quarry house entrance
– Lunch Dinner

Extra information

Duration: about 3 hours;
Difficulty: easy;
Languages: Italian, English, German, French, Spanish and Russian;
Departure: Piazza Pascali;
Audience: adults / children;
Minimum PAX: 4

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